Taj Mahal, An Eternal Monument Of Love
Taj Mahal, one of the most attractive tourist places in the world is a perfect symbol of love and affection of a husband for his wife. It’s the history of Taj that adds a soul to its magnificence. The great architecture and incredible design symbolizes love, loss, remorse and again love at the end.
The Taj Mahal was built by one of the emperors of Mughal Saltanat, Shah Jahan in the memory of his beloved departed wife Mumtaz Mahal who departed forever after giving birth to their fourteenth child in the year 1631. The monument is named after Mumtaz so she could be remembered eternally.
The implausible building is actually a complex structure with the beautiful white domed shaped marble mausoleum that emerges out as its most important component. Mughals started building the monument in 1631 AD. The most important tomb was completed in 1648 AD, whereas, the outlying monuments and the large gardens were finished about 5 years later in 1653 AD
The great indo-islamic architecture is the proof of the hard work of more than 22,000 workers who had shed their sweat to make a dream come true! There were many artisan, workmen and craftsmen were involved in the construction, but the final credit goes to Ustad Isa who is believed to be either Turkish or Persian.
Known for its symmetry, Taj sits on a well built and raised platform bordered with four minarets. The most important part of Taj, the tomb is set in a huge quadripartite Chahar Garden that measures about 1,900x1,000 feet. As per the planning, if we compare, the tomb resembles the model of Humayun’s tomb located at Delhi. But, the tomb of the Taj Mahal is set on a higher drum and the octagonal shaped rooms at the corners are actually built more logically.
Taj Mahal is built in such an unbelievable manner that its image reflects in the water channel that divides the entire garden. The reflection is even enhanced by the excellent polish of the world class marbles.
The visitors of Taj Mahal will be able to see the creative and the pleasant perspective of the canals and gardens created for enhancing the beauty of the monument. Moreover, the intersection of the canals is decorated with the sparkling waters of a wide pool that reflects the vaporous shadow of Taj.
The structure is divided into five main parts that is the Darwaza (main gate), Bageecha (garden), Masjid (mosque), Naqqar Khana (rest room) and Rouza (main mausoleum). The construction of Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under majestic supervision as was usual during the time in power of Shah Jahan. The main architects whose vision helped getting this structure enlighten Agra were Abd-Ul-Karim, Makramat Khan and Ustad Ahmad Lahwari.
The grand main gateway of Taj Mahal is designed at the end of the watercourse and is the very first thing a visitor views. It is decorated with antique calligraphy and possesses incredible domed central chamber. The original doorway of the Taj was made with silver and gold, but it is reported that the expensive metals were looted in the year 1702.
The beautiful architecture is erected on the shores of the Yamuna River which makes it even more attractive. Unlike the other red sandstone buildings designed during the times of Mughals, this monument was created using the handpicked grade of white marble. These white marble stones were obtained from a mine situated in Makrana, a small city in Rajasthan. The marble is thus famously called as the Makrana marble.
Apart from the marble, this world class monument was also given shape using a lot of precious and semi-precious stones such as the Lapis, Firoza, Coral, Lahsunia, Jade, Blood Stone and a few rare stones like Tilai. The adorable stones were used to create the ever lasing mosaic and inlays work. This mosaic work is particularly known as Parchinkari which is an amalgamation of the Persian, Indian and Italian art form of Pietra Dura.
Pietra Dura is an Italian art form that was originated in Florence (Italy) in 16th century. It involves inlaying stone upon stone in order to create a mosaic that seems like a beautiful painting when viewed from a distance. You can only judge the reality of these amazing inlayed creations when you observe them closely.
Mumtaz and Shah Jahan were both buried at the mid of the construction with both their cenotaphs studded with semi - precious and precious stones. This symbol of love has survived the test of time for more than 350 years on the bank of the river Yamuna and it will serve as a never-ending resting place for both the King and the Queen for centuries to come.